The foot is an elaborate functional structure that has to carry out a large amount of work. As it is such a complex construction, there is a lot that may fail for it. There are plenty of dysfunctional deviations in the foot which can have an effect on that normal biomechanics and trigger problems. Podiatry practitioners typically use foot orthotics, shoes adjustments and physical exercises to manage most of these problems.
There are lots of deformities in the forefoot that could have to be supported in foot orthotics. That is depending on the theory of the foot biomechanics that for the feet to be normal that the plantar plane imagined beneath the forefoot will need to be perpendicular to a bisection of the rear of the calcaneus. There are several deviations that the forefoot may have when compared with just what is the believed normal. The medial aspect of the forefoot might be lower bringing about what becomes called a forefoot valgus. A forefoot valgus may be the entire forefoot is everted or perhaps it could just be the medial side of the forefoot becoming plantarflexed. This type of foot might have important consequences regarding how the feet moves. What precisely these outcomes are depends on how flexible the arch of the foot can be. In the event the midfoot is stiff, this forefoot valgus will cause the feet to tilt in an outward direction at the ankle joint producing a high arched foot. In case the midfoot is flexible, than the foot type will just make the midfoot to rotate and flatten the foot posture.
The opposite kind of foot type is what is called a forefoot varus where the forefoot is in an inverted position relative to that bisection on the back of the heel. This makes a very flatfoot with very little arch whatsoever. There are 2 different types of the foot that have this appearance. One of them is what is called a true forefoot varus and is bony in origin. There isn't anything other than foot orthoses that can be used to take care of the position of the foot. There aren't any exercises or anything else which can be done with this foot type. There is lots of awful information on the web about dealing with this sort of flat feet. The type of inverted ball of the foot that appears quite flat is one that is due to a foot type known as forefoot supinatus. A forefoot supinatus is a soft tissue stiffening that supports the foot in this position. As forefoot supinatus is a soft tissue problem, exercises and also making the foot mobile should help it and foot supports usually don't work very efficiently in this foot condition. Those that have a tendency to offer up all of the poor information on the internet are ill-informed of the difference between forefoot varus and forefoot supinatus. Both of them are associated with "overpronation" of the foot, and both look quite similar however they both have completely different causes, therefore if they must be dealt with, they should have totally different treatments.
If you consider you may have any of these types of dysfunctional problems, it can be quite a great idea to consult a podiatrist.